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The Bronte Sisters Biography


Sign at the Haworth Parsonage.The Brontes moved to Haworth from Thornton in 1820 where the Reverend Patrick Bronte was appointed Curate of Haworth. 

They lived at Haworth Parsonage from 1820 to 1861 which is now the Bronte Parsonage Museum. A complete 360º tour of the Parsonage & garden in summer here..., take a 360º tour of the Parsonage & garden in winter here...

Haworth ParsonageMrs Bronte died of cancer on 15th September 1821, leaving her sister, Elizabeth Branwell to care for the 6 children. In 1825 Maria, and Elizabeth died. For the next six years Charlotte, Emily, Anne and Branwell were to stay at the Parsonage, where their creativity is evident in the tiny manuscripts about fantasy worlds such as Gondal and Angria.

In 1831 Charlotte worked at a school in Mirfield, Branwell began to try and become a portrait painter with little  success. Emily worked for a short time at a school in Halifax. Anne worked as a tutor to the Robinson family. For a while Branwell joined Anne as a tutor, which reportedly ended in disgrace for allegedly having an affair with his employer's wife.

In Memory of Elizabeth Branwell
In Memory of
Elizabeth Branwell

In 1845 the Family were all together again in Haworth, they used the legacy from their aunt Branwell's death in 1842 to finance a collection of their poems. The Brontes, published under the pseudonyms of Currer, Ellis and Acton Bell, this was due to the fact that they lived in an age of prejudice against female writers.

Charlotte's novel Jane Eyre (1847), Emily's Wuthering Heights (1847), and Anne's The Tenant of Wildfell Hall (1848) were written while at the Parsonage.

Haworth Church
The Bronte family vault is
situated below this pillar in
Haworth Church

Branwell his health deteriorating due to alcohol and opium addiction died on the 24th September 1848 aged 31, Emily died from tuberculosis aged 30 on 19th December 1848. Anne was also ill from tuberculosis and went to Scarborough on the 24th May in an attempt that the sea air might cure her. She died four days later on the 28th May 1849 aged 29. Anne Brontes grave at Scarborough here...

Charlotte continued to write and published two more novels: Shirley (1849), and Villette (1853). She married Arthur Bell Nichols her fathers curate, on 29th June 1854. Begins but does not finish a novel, Emma.

In memory of Emily and Charlotte Bronte - Haworth Church.It was a short marriage, (marriage license here...) Charlotte who was pregnant died on 31st March 1855 aged 38. In 1857 Her previously rejected novel The Professor is published posthumously.

Patrick Bronte continued to live at the parsonage, and died there on 7th June 1861 aged 84.

About Bronte Parsonage

The Bronte Sisters
About the Bronte Sisters
Brontes Chronology
Bronte Birthplace

About the Brontes

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