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Haworth History - Stanbury School Log Book 1901 - 1910


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DIARY OR LOG BOOK

Stanbury Board School

1901

March 16th 1901 page 1

Had an interview today with the sub Editor of the Yorkshire Post who wrote on Tuesday last asking to be allowed to see the Stanbury Board School, and have a chat with the master. After looking round the school at the various objects brought by the children - newly hatched tadpoles, insect larvae, pond snails, water weeds, fossils, flowers of alder, Hazel, Snowdrop, he asked for the notebooks, drawings and copies of the schemes in Nature study since was first introduced the science subject in 1894.

March 25th 1901 page 3

Mr Fear, Sub-Inspector writes:-

"I propose to bring two Bradford Board Schoolmasters to see your School on Wednesday afternoon next. Will you kindly have at hand anything illustrating your Nature teaching schemes? I must congratulate you on the notice of your work which appeared in the Yorkshire Post."

March 27th 1901 page 3-4

Mr Fear accompanied by Mr Gill, Head Master of the Frizinghall Board School, arrived about two o' clock, and stayed till 3:30pm. Each class was set to work with such natural objects as happened to be at hand (Catkins of Hazel, Alder, Willow Palin and Silver Birch; Coltsfoot flowers; Moss's and Ferns, and skeleton leaves of the Poplar" some time was spent in questioning the children after which they were sent to work with pencil crayon and paper to draw and describe such objects as were given out to them-a separate article been given to each scholar. Mr Fear took the papers away with him. Both gentlemen spoke in complimentary terms of the quality of the work done, the intelligent Nature of the teaching, and the interest the children took in the work.

April 10th 1901 page 5

Reopened School everything bright and clean. 75 children present 92 on books (10 of whom are half timers)

April 12th 1901 page 5

Went out this afternoon for fieldwork and at 2.15. Mr Keighley Snowdon accompanied by a Mr Dawson both from Leeds went with us up the Sladen. The party was also joined by Mr Greenwood (Morton National School) Mr Roebuck (Bingley National) and Mr Ambler (Bingley Holy Trinity National). The children found five bird's nests (3 throstles, and 2 blackbirds) as well as a good variety of early spring flowers etc the things were named and described before we separated further up the valley.

April 15th 1901 page 7

Nature Study. Continue the study of nature from actual objects. Let the children supply the specimens themselves, and know where they grow etc. Watch, draw, and deduce by own observation. Book work may be done to confirm observations (or correct them). Don't curtail the outdoor work. Apply it to geography etc, but always have a definite object in going out. Mr Worley complemented us on the notice of our work which had appeared in the Yorkshire Post on 18th March and asked me for a few copies. I sent four copies of that, and an article on Antarctic exploration which appeared in the same issue, by that day's post.

May 9th 1901 page 8

Received a set of snap-shot pictures of children taken 12/01.

May 17th 1901 page 8

Attendance improving but still only 71.7 instead of 85 possible. "Help" at home is the main cause of bad attendance after a kind of epidemic of cholera of a mild sort.

June 3rd 1901

School report

"The discipline and tone are excellent and the teaching continues to be carefully and skilfully given. Epidemic sickness has greatly affected the success of the work this year, particularly in the case of the youngest children. The practical Nature Study carried on at this school deserves special praise. The infants have been carefully instructed."

Signed: - C H Harris Clerk to the Board

Staff

Jonas Bradley (V VI. VII) Head Master. 1st Class

John Rushworth (I. II) II.yr. 3rd Class

Edith Simpson (III. IV) Art 50. 2nd Class & sewing

Maggie Moore (Inf. Class) Lufts Mistress

Helena Wilkins (I. II) first year 3rd class

24th June, 1901 page 23

I received a copy of the "Educational Record" the official organ of the British and Foreign Schools Association containing a reprint of the Yorkshire Post article (18th March). There was also an appreciative paragraph in which mention was made of the success that may be attained by an enthusiastic teacher who happens to be somewhat of a naturalist." the note speaks in praise of the new departure taken by the Board of Education in the matter of Nature Study.

19th August, 1901 page 24

Assembled after the mid-summer holidays (4 weeks). 66 children present out of 91 on the books which is 72.5 of the possible (or 75.4 when the deductions are made for half time scholars). There are several cases of whooping cough in the village.

23rd August, 1901 page 25

This morning I received the following letter from Mr Harris, Clerk to the school board: "I am instructed to state that under medical authority your School may close till 9th September" I am therefore sending the children home again for another fortnight. There are 14 cases of whooping cough among the school children and this involved the absence of 17 more making 31 in all who will be compulsory kept away.

30th August 1901 page 25

The September number of the English Illustrated Magazine contains an article by Keighley Snowdon entitled "Outdoor School at Haworth" which describes a visit paid to Stanbury in April. Mr Snowden was accompanied by a gentleman of the name of Dawson, an amateur photographer, who took snap-shots of the children at their Nature Study in the Bronte Falls Valley and seven of these views are used as illustrations to the article.

September 20th 1901 page 26

This morning Captain Browning of the Imperial Light Horse, who returned from the front in the transport "wakool" on Friday last visited the school and gave the children a description of journeys to America, (buying horses for the British government out in the Rockies) and thence to Cape Colony, Natal, Transvaal etc.

October 5th 1901 page 27

Prize Day

The usual batch of Book Prizes presented year by year by R. Wright Taylor Esq. barrister of London arrived during the month of July but owing to an epidemic of whooping cough we had no chance of holding the customary féte till today. The children were served with buns and tea, and the old folks of the parish (over 50 yrs) were invited to a cup of tea. Later in the evening Mr Taylor presided over a crowded meeting. The children supplied the principal items in the entertainment. Mr Heap, Haworth; Miss Turner, Haworth; and Miss Walker of Bradford assisted also with the musical programme.

Prizewinners;:-Harold Hollings, Elsie Rushworth, Willis Butterfield, Clara Simpson, Willis Baucroft, Lizzie Snowdon, Prince Slabbs, Dora Little.

28th November, 1901 page 30

The following list of children who come long distances to school was submitted to Mr Gunyon for permission to leave school during the next three or four weeks at 3:45pm in order that they may reach home before it is very dark:-

Joseph Hey - Silver Hill

Robert Pickles - White Stone

Frank Nicholson - Ponden Hall

Jas Wm      "                 "        "

Lena Green - Pitcher Farm

Mary H  "    -      "         "

Mary Snowden Green Bottom

Lizzie        "             "          "

6th December, 1901 page 31

I have received three copies of "The Nelson Leader" newspaper containing articles by a Mr Smith describing a "Pilgrimage to Haworth". Apart from the complimentary reference to the school, they are of considerable interest, and will be of some assistance in teaching local history and geography.

The issue of the 22nd November also contains an article which I sent them on the subject of Quaker persecutions 300 years ago in Stanbury. I have added them to the school library.

December 13th, 1901 page 32

There has been a severe snow-storm all the week. This morning it is snowing heavily and the roads are snowed up. 39 children present. Last night there were drifts across the roads, some two yards high, and since then snow has fallen almost incessantly. Miss Simpson, who stayed over-night in the village, is the only teacher with me.

20th December, 1901 page 32

This week the Clerk has called my attention to paragraph 22 N.B. in appendices I I. page 105 of the N.U.T code, and I am intrigued to take advantage of the instructions contained therein on occasions like Friday last (see preceding page) when bad weather causes a serious falling-off in attendance.

1902

January 19th, 1902 page 33

Received parcel from E. J Arnold containing rain-gauge, graduated measure, and glass thermometer (220 degree F) I am having it the gauge freed two feet from the ground in the centre of the girls playground, so that the children may keep a record of the rain fall at the same time they record temperatures etc on the observation sheet.

16th January, 1902 page 34

Pocket sextant, Abney level and Glass Force-pump disallowed on January requisition.

23rd January, 1902 page 35

Two boys who left school recently (____ and___) have been tampering with the rain-gauge - pouring in dirty water throwing stones at it etc. Mr Redman chairman of the Board suggests that the matter be put in the hands of the village policeman. Mr Lindsay has promised to keep an eye on it.

27th January, 1902 page 36

The list of prize winners (Airedale Pupil Teachers Association) came by post this morning. 1st year Miss H B Wilkins is third with 75.5 % of marks in a long list of 44 prize winners. She also is awarded the English prize for her year. John Rushworth (2nd year) is 38th among the prize winners in his year with 65.1 % of marks.

19th February, 1902 page 37

The Secretary of the Leeds Teachers Conference writes: - "the Leeds Teachers Conference hope you will accept the enclosed cheque for £3-0-0 to assist you in procuring books or appliances such as may be useful in helping on the good work which you are doing in the Haworth District.

Your address here on the 28th January caused a great interest and the conference felt that they could not better employ some of their surplus funds than in removing some of the pecuniary disabilities under which you are labouring. If this small sum will be of any use to you in your work they will feel it to be well spent. We shall be only too glad if on some subsequent occasion you will visit us and tell us how your work is progressing"

Yours sincerely Aubrey Pri?

The accompanying short paragraph appeared in the Keighley Herald on 31st January, 1902.

STANBURY

"NATURE STUDY": A TRIBUTE TO MR JONAS BRADLEY.-at a meeting of the Leeds Teachers Conference, held in the library of the Yorkshire College, Leeds, on Tuesday night, a paper was read by Mr Jonas Bradley, Head Master of the Stanbury Board School, on "Nature Study." Mr C. T. Whitmell (Chief Inspector of schools for the Leeds district) presided. The discussion which followed was joined in by Professor Miall, Miss Simpson (Yorkshire College), Mr Harmer (Leeds Middle Class School), Mr Connal (Yorkshire College), Mr Price (Leeds Grammar School) and others. Mr Whitmell in closing the discussion, thanked Mr Bradley on behalf of those present for his very interesting and practical paper. The personal experiences of one who had created a course of study, and had met, and overcome, the difficulties which beset one, striking out on original lines, were the very things teachers wanted. He was sure the paper they had heard, and the discussion it had elicited, would be helpful to them and pointed out how even in large cities like Leeds advantage could be taken of excursions to museums, picture galleries, parks, public gardens, and other places of interest. Rural schools, of course, were more favourably situated, but even in large towns the out-of-doors feature of Mr Bradley's teaching might be advantageously introduced to some extent.

 

7th March 1902 page 38

The snow which, has been with us for about six weeks, having disappeared (excepting in sheltered nooks of the moor), and spring weather and song birds come, we went out this afternoon about 2.30. There were 54 children (st. I. to VI) in charge of Mr Rushworth, Miss Simpson and myself. We first visited Hob Hill where there is a fine view of Ponden reservoir, the "benchmark" at Hob Hill (861 ft") was pointed out as well as the ones at Hob Lane (774.4 feet) and Ponden bridge (698.2 feet) and compared with well known elevations within sight (Enshaw height 1250 ft) Crow Hill (1501 ft) Filter beds 1000 ft and Oldfield 920 ft. After examining the sun-dial at Hob lane we went into Mr Lofthouses Holme (?) and chatted about the trees, birds and other objects noticed.

16th April, 1902 page 42

Away at the funeral of my friend Mr Thomas Greenwood, Head Master of the Cullingworth National schools. Miss Simpson in charge during the afternoon.

April 25th 1902 page 42

Today the 1st and 2nd Class are going by the Sladen Valley to the Bronte Museum and ---- 3rd Class under Mr Rushworth to the Griffe Goit, and Griffe wood.

May 5th 1902 page 45

Between 60 and 70 Bradford school teachers - chiefly members of the Bradford Froebel society-visited Stanbury for the purpose of being taken on to the moors and receiving a practical lesson in Nature study. After visiting the Bronte Museum, and Haworth Church, it began to rain heavily. The outdoor work was therefore abandoned and we came by road to the school, where tea was served.

May 6th 1902 page 46

Had a letter from Mr H. M. Hainsworth, a railway guard stationed at Beaufort West, South Africa, and running usually between that place and De Aar. On one occasion he says the train he was in charge of was stopped at a wayside place. He jumps out to see what was the matter and seeing some papers and magazines lying about he picked them up. They turned out to be mostly English. And when one of them was the English Illustrated Magazine containing Mr Keighley Snowdon's article on "Outdoor School at Haworth" in which an out of doors Nature Study lesson at Stanbury is described (the September number 1901).

9th May, 1902 page 46

Went up to Buckley Green with the children. Saw old Timmy Feather, the hand-loom Weaver, and had an interesting chat with him about his early days (over 70 years ago).

May 15th 1902 page 47

Last night I received a collection of fossils of 33 in number from Mr Sam Wells of Keighley. In the course of a conversation with W. Bell on Tuesday last, he happened to mention the educational use we made of natural objects, and that gentlemen forthwith went and made a selection from his private collection which he gladly presented to the Stanbury School. This morning we opened the parcel and examined each specimen - Lizzie Little pointing out places where found, on the map of the world, Willis Gill meanwhile seeking out from the dictionary the meanings & etymology of the words "asbestos" (incombustible) "ors" (brassy).

 3rd June, 1902 page 58

Peace is proclaimed. Mr Harris wires from Keighley at 10.00 am (news had arrived here at 7.00 am this morning) "Give holiday rest of day-Harris" the children were therefore sent away about 11.30 but returned to school about 11.50, after having marched in procession through the village singing patriotic songs, accompanied by Miss Kay and Mrs Stubbs (83 years old) and other villagers who had brought bags of sweets and nuts for distribution among the children.

16th June, 1902 page 59

My dear friend Willis Forke, Master of the Oldfield Board School, died suddenly last night from heart failure consequent of an attack of bronchial pneumonia I went across there to dismiss the children for the day, and assist Mrs Forke as far as possible, leaving the Stanbury school in charge of Miss Simpson.

19th June, 1901page 59

Away at Cowling attending the funeral of Mr Forke. Miss Simpson in charge of the school during my absence

25th June, 1902 page 60

Afternoon-Mr Harris writes:-"I am instructed by the board to state that the permission to close the school on Thursday and Friday next is withdrawn, and the schools will open as usual on these days (26th June and 27)" this is in consequence of the Coronation festivities having been postponed indefinitely - the King having undergone operation for "appendicitis"

8th July 1902 page 61

I saw the school opened and heard the children taken through the morning's news. The use of a newspaper for the purpose of putting children in touch with the big world outside their own lives appears to me one of the most practical innovations since our own school days. I was delighted with their alert answering, and the way in which places named in the paper were pointed out on maps without hesitation in any single case by two of the elder children.-Keighley Snowdon.

19th July, 1902 page 62

Today I sent away a parcel of exhibits for the Nature Study exhibition, Regent's Park, London, consisting of photographs and photo enlargements illustrating outdoor work done by the children.

18th August 1902 page 66

The "Keighley News" 26th July, 1902 has the following paragraph in the column local topics.

The idea of arousing the interest of school-children in natural history and natural phenomena-in other words, animal and plant life-if it did not actually originate in a village school near Keighley, has certainly been worked out there with a remarkable degree of success. The Stanbury idea has at any rate penetrated to headquarters, and now occupies a niche in the Duke of Devonshire's brain where it may be hoped that it will fructify. In opening a nature-study exhibition in London on Wednesday, his Grace half excused the hostility of the rural magnates to the education of labouring children, who, he said, were sent to school by the parents to be brightened up and sent out of their rural environment to obtain more favourable conditions for their labour in towns. Thus the rural districts became depopulated, and Labour became scarce and dear. At any rate, if the Duke did not say exactly those words, that is what he meant. That, of course, paved the way for a laudation of country life and an advocacy of methods for teaching rural scholars how to become interested in rural aims, rural interests, and rural objects. Let us hope that the Duke, who has such good opportunities of giving practical effect to these views, will not fail to turn them to good account in his high office. If he has any difficulty as to the practical methods, let him send for Mr Jonas Bradley.

19th August 1902 page 67

After visiting the school, I can only express my pleasure & delight, for so much is taught, & the children so truly interested. The dull "don't care about it", look which one sees so often in county schools, is quite absent here, & the alert attention & interest cannot be mistaken.

C. Alfrey Porter, Ilkley.

September 5th, 1902 page 68

We went to Bottoms wood below the Bronte waterfalls this afternoon.

September 8th 1902 page 68

A party of botanists from Burnley in charge of Mr Evans called.

September 27th 1902 page 71

Prize Day

The school was densely crowded this evening the reason being the prize distribution and concert, and treat to the Old Folks of the Parish of Stanbury. Mr Geo. Helliwell J. P. presided, and Messrs John Crowther of Oldfield House, Joseph Ingram, Stanbury; and James Redman chairman of the Haworth School Board were present and took part in the proceedings. The then former area members of the local Parliament (Oakworth Urban District Council). The prizes were awarded as follows:- Miles Little "Hereward the Wake" Florence E. Brown "Westward Ho" James Metcalfe "Robinson Crusoe" Maud Holmes--"Swiss Family Robinson" Harry Shackleton "Grimm's Fairy Tales" Florence M. Stubbs "The Arabian Nights" infants John Snowdon "Alice in Wonderland" Lizzie Rushworth "Mother Goose"

October 2nd 1902 page 72

Dr Paterson, Rector of the Moray House training college, Edinburgh writes under date 30th September, 1902:-

"Dear Mr Bradley - Do not imagine that I failed to appreciate your kindness in sending me the Yorkshire Post giving an account of what you are doing at your School. It came very a'propos indeed. I had gone to London to see the Nature Study exhibition and prepared a paper on the subject to read to our students on the opening day. I had little to say on how not to do a Nature Study and I thought I could not do better than read the account of your work as a specimen of how to do it. It was much valued. The yellow Pimpernel is, I suppose what I know better as "loosestrife" (yellow?) or Lysimachia - an exquisite little plant. I should like to be sure that that is what is meant. If you happen to have a dried specimen which you can spare will you let me have it? Excuse my boldness, and except a renewed thanks and kind regards. I am yours faithfully M. Paterson.

October 9th 1902 page 73

In response to the above letter I sent a pressed specimen of yellow loosestrife (Lysianachia nemorum) which a boy Little fetched from the Griffe Lane & Pressed & mounted & named. I also sent & few photos taken last Friday afternoon when we were out of doors with the children. Dr Paterson replies this morning:-

Dear Mr Bradley-"I have to thank you for your very great kindness in sending me the flower specimen and also the photos. Which are delightful to look at. The flower is a familiar friend and, to my mind, one of the most exquisite of our common wild flowers. I feel much indebted to the young friend Miles Little for kindly getting me a specimen. Would you thank him for me.

I passed the photos round the classes of juniors (men & women) and have shown them to others, by all of whom they have been much admired.

With kindest regards and renewed thanks."

I am-yours faithfully Maurice Paterson.

October 27th 1902 page 75

Extracts from article in the "Yorkshire chat" column of the York's weekly post.

It would be difficult to say how many visitors from all parts of the world flock annually to the shrine of Charlotte Bronte and climb the steep streets of Haworth village to do honour to her memory and that of her sisters, and it may be they will penetrate as far as the Bronte water-fall in their enthusiasm. But there are few who seek to know yet more of the country, or who realise that it may have a message for the Twentieth Century as well as echoes from the last. To those who care to know what the small village folks of the present generation are being taught to-day in the Bronte country, I would advise a visit to Stanbury, two short miles from Haworth, and easily reached by turning down the Stanbury road near the church, and continuing along the highway down one steep hill and up another past the cemetery.

At the end of the village stands a fine new example of that product of the 19th century-a Board School.... the school is at once an instruction and a delight, and to the children it cannot fail to be a dearly loved privilege in the present, and a cherished memory in after life.

There is no parrot routine here; no half-learnt strings of difficult names or scientific instances of hardly understood, and gabbled over anyhow, so the test may but pass muster-nay-for the children are learning truly, and learning well, but the subjects of such as they have found, and brought in themselves from the bright play-world without-things they have sought for over hill and dale-and which are often- O! Crowning joy to the boys at least-alive-and full of wonderful transformations and changes.

At first sight truly, so intent are the children and so eager, that one thinks the lessons can scarce be more than play, but look a little deeper, and you are soon undeceived. My own visit was unexpected, and by way of test I asked one or two the children, by the master's leave, to write me a short account of a few of their treasures. They were little things of 11 or 12, but the description was accurate, and the spelling and writing in particular remarkably good. One small boy drew three rough diagrams of the glow-worm he was asked to describe without the least hesitation, and it is noteworthy that nearly all the exercise books contained original studies of this kind from flowers and insects by the children themselves, and for the most part exceedingly well drawn for their respective ages. If one begins early enough, it is generally very easy to give a child at last a rough idea of drawing, and the work is valuable in that it teaches its votaries to look closely and observe keenly. You cannot attempt to draw anything, however roughly, without careful and attentive notice of the object, and it is thus an education to the eye and brain, even if it be not intended as an introduction to art.

By Miss C. H. Porter, Ilkley. Yorks. Weekly Post

14th November, 1902 page 78

28 of the older children were taken to Keighley this afternoon to the museum in Victoria Park. To several it was the first journey on the railway, and the first visit to Keighley. It was a most profitable and enjoyable afternoon.

December 8th 1902 page 80

Mr Keighley Snowdon of the Daily Mail, London visited the school on Friday afternoon, he contrasted the happy and healthy lives they were living with those of the children in the East End of London.

1903

9th February, 1903 page 85

Mr Warley visited the school this morning and tested some of the work. Among the suggestions he made were:-

1. In the infants class I would not place a pencil in a child's hand during the first year. Let the children have sand trays and, if writing is to be done, let them write with their fingers in the sand. Let much of their time be spent in learning to speak-saying their names clearly and correctly, and learning nursery rhymes etc.

March 11th, 1903 page 91

Miss Blakey & Miss Binns came to school this afternoon accompanied by about 60 of the elder children from the Haworth Central Schools. At the request of the teachers I spoke to them about common objects they had seen or heard on the way-birds & bird's nests particularly. It was 4. 30 before they left, and even then they did not seem tired.

March 17th 1903 page 92

a very wild wet morning. 62 children present. No teachers.

10.00am Mrs Moore arrived, having waited for some time for the storm to abate.

10.30 Miss Simpson arrived from Haworth, drenched.

18th March, 1903 page 92

Mrs Moore sends word that she is not coming the roads are so bad. A heavy snow has fallen during the night. It is about ? Inches deep in the playground. 63 children present.

24th March, 1903 page 93

Mr R. Hedger Wallace writes from the Office of "The World's Work" under date 23rd March:-

"Dear sir - I am desirous of illustrating an article on the "Nature Study movement in England" and would like to insert a photo showing outdoor Nature Study work done at your School. If you can favour me with a photo, which you consider typical of your outdoor Nature Study, and which has not been published in any of the journals, I shall be much obliged indeed and will endeavour to use it.

March 24th 1903 page 93

My attention was drawn this morning to an article in the Royal Magazine for April 1903 by W. Wilfred Mark Webb entitled "School under the sky" on page 5, 6-7 he devotes a few paragraphs to a description of the work done at this school and speaks in glowing terms of the efforts we have made to protect the nests and eggs of wild birds.

17th April, 1903 page 95

On Wednesday Mr.David Baxendall and Miss Dickinson (the former from the Natural history Department, South Kensington Museum; the latter recently retired and from the staff of the Keighley P.J. Central Classes) visited the school and spent an hour and a half with us.

6th May 1903 page 97

Mr David Baxendall of the South Kensington Museum sent us an Ordnance map of Stanbury parish on which he indicates by red crosses the positions of birds nest he saw when here in Easter week. We propose completing a bird-nest map of the parish, which when completed, will be sent to the Bristol Nature Study exhibition (May 24th etc)

Mr Smith, of Toronto, formerly of Haworth writes a chatty letter discripting of the journey across the Atlantic in the S.S.Ivernia, New York, Niagara Falls and Toronto-written mainly for the benefit of the children.

8th May 1903 page 98

Report (1902-3)

"the order is good and the teaching most careful and intelligent. The scholars are exceedingly interested in their work on Nature Teaching. The lessons in this subject are most ably given."

Infants-"The infants have been nicely managed and carefully instructed."

Signed by: - C H Harris Clerk to the Board.

Make 28th 1903 page 102

Mr John Holdsworth, assistant superintendent of the Bradford Board schools visited the school this afternoon accompanied by the Rev. David Rycroft of Allerton, and Mr A. Hirst, headmaster of the Haworth Central Board schools. They chatted with the children about their nature knowledge and picked up specimens of the children's work, and a photograph or two taken recently during rambles on Friday afternoons.

8th June, 1903 page 102

There have been complaints about the destruction of flowers and shrubs in the Stanbury cemetery. Four boys attending this school are among the guilty ones. These are _______. I punished them by giving them one stroke each with the cane across the hand.

26th June, 1903 page 104

Went down the North fields for out-door School. Peculiar behaviour of a cuckoo that was apparently being chased by angry birds bigger than Tit-larks (in whose nests the eggs of the cuckoo are usually placed)-probably skylarks.

28th June, 1903 page 104

Five members of the Halifax naturalists society spent an hour with us in School this afternoon. I afterwards went with them by the Old Hand-Loom Weavers to Master Stones, Withins and Walshaw Dean.

10th September 1903 page 108

Mr J H Turton, Bradford, who recently presented a drawing done by Charlotte Bronte to the museum, Haworth sent us a collection of postage stamps representing most of the European countries. He also sent a specimen of the Cockchafer beetle for identification by the children.

September 24th 1903 page 111

We visited Ponden and, Ponden Kirk, and the old hand-loom weavers house in the afternoon. Among interesting things found was a clump of white heather which Willie Butterfield had indicated on the six-inch Ordnance map before starting. We had no difficulty in finding it at Ponden Kirk.

October 13th 1903 page 112

Alice Ogden commenced as P.T. 1st year. Born 18th October, 1887. She has attended the Keighley Girls' Grammar School for 12 months. Address 81 Main Street, Haworth.

13th November, 1903 page 115

W. P. Turnbull Esq. H. M. I. Sheffield writes:-

"Dear Sir. - I am ashamed to have kept your pretty photographs so long. Pardon me.

May I express our hope that, especially as regards flowers and leaves, you lean to a conservative method of studying nature? Flowers, many of them, grown in profusion; but, if we multiply collectors, how long will this be? I should like to see a study of the living plant spread, avoiding of all needless gathering.

I say 'especially as regards flowers and leaves' not that they are more important than animals; but they are slaughtered more than usually; and the idea of Conservative Study in their case may be a little more remote."

Yours very faithfully W. P. Turnbull.

November 13th, 1903 page 116

Mr Wm. Snowdon, of Keighley, gave a lecture to the children this afternoon on "alcohol, and its effects upon the human body."

1904

January 4th, 1904 page 122

Reopened School. 69 present.

January 29th, 1904 page 125

Three children are down with scarlet fever and have been removed to the hospital at Keighley. viz. Stanley Williamson (27th Feb) James Williamson (25th) & James Ibbetson (25th)

2nd July, 1904 page 138

Report for the year ended 31st March, 1904:-

Mixed school-"this school is in good order and well taught"

Infant class-"the infant class continues to do well. The playground is rough and requires surface treatment."

22nd August, 1904 page 139

Reopened School after mid-summer holiday-4 weeks. The school has been thoroughly cleaned, & the walls distempered, but the outside painting and portions of the inside work done by the painters are in a very scrappy and half-finished condition.

August 26th, 1904 page 140

The painters have been up to finish. It is very inconvenient having doors, windows, & railings all wet with paint when a hundred children are running about.

October 7th 1904 page 143

Complaints were lodged this week by villagers against Willie Bancroft, Garnet Walton, Willis Butterfield and Fred Butterfield for shouting nicknames and using abusive language. Edward Williams is at his old game of stone-throwing. I caned him. The others were reprimanded.

November 22nd, 1904 page 146

Great snow storm. Doorways snowed up. Drifting more than 4 ft deep in places. As there were only thirty-three children present out of a possible 102 I did not mark the registers.

9th December 1904 page 148

On Monday last Mr John Brigg M.P. sent us a surprise packet consisting of a presentation copy of Prof. Miall's "House, Garden & Field."

16th December, 1904 page 149

Attendance seriously affected by the prevalence of chicken pox among the younger children.

Mr Brigg M.P.Writes inquiring if there is still a Combing Pot, and other Hand-Combing apparatus in the district. If so he would like Professor Barker, of the Bradford Tech. College to see it, and interview any old people who used to be Hand Combers.

20th December, 1904 page 149

Mr Joseph Preston, Ramsbottom, and Mr Sutcliffe Haslingden, visited the school. The former, now retired from business, is a native of Stanbury, & attended the old school across the way, 50 odd years ago.

23rd December, 1904 page 150

We broke up at noon today until the 9th January, 1905, each child (74 of them) receiving a couple of oranges and a handful of nuts.

1905

9th January, 1905 page 150

Opened school after the Xmas holidays attendance improved - 85 present.

18th January, 1905 page 150

Dr Scott, of Keighley, and two ladies who are teachers in the Birmingham Royal Institute for the deaf spent the afternoon with us. Miss Stopford repeated the Lord's Prayer on her hands, and afterwards Miss Bottomley showed the children several signs for words.

24th January, 1905 page 150

Visited this school & found children bright and interesting. 86 present and registers correctly marked. No signs of corporal punishment being administered in this school. No sticks, no cane, discipline kept by kindness and winning children's confidence. A happy method. James Smith

16th February 1905 page 151

Miss Cockshott, of Oakworth, member of the Worth Valley Education Sub-Committee, gave a lantern Lecture on "Italy" to the children of the Stanbury & Oldfield schools. The school was crowded. The lecturer described a tour through southern Europe by herself & sister in the year 1903, and illustrated it by a set of beautiful lantern pictures.

31st March, 1905 page 152

Received from Mr John Brigg M.P. Copies of Mr Jesse Collings bill to promote Agricultural & Horticultural education & Nature Study in elementary schools.

7th April, 1905 page 153

Very heavy snow. Many children away in consequence.

27th September, 1905 page 162

Three cases of scarlet fever in the village viz. Frank Hey, James Williamson, and Doris Hey.

28th September, 1905 page 162

There is another case of scarlet fever at the house of Mrs Hollings -Ben- which will necessitate four children being kept at home.

October 3rd 1905 page 163

Dr Atkinson, medical officer of health, has recommended the closing of the school in consequence of a scarlet fever epidemic.

25th October, 1905 page 164

Reopened School after being closed three weeks. About 40 of the children were still a way.

4th December, 1905 page 165

My brother Harry died last night at his residence, Cowling. As I am required there to assist in making the funeral arrangements I am leaving Miss Simpson in charge.

There was another new case of scarlet fever last Thursday-a boy Alan Hey being taken away to the hospital.

8th December, 1905 page 166

Copies of Report made by H. M. I. Mr Cornish after a visit of 14th November, 1905.

"Order continues good and the Master is very successful in training the powers of observation and expression of the older children. Some oral lessons in history are desirable.

Another museum cupboard is wanted, and the desks are rather high for the younger children."

15th December, 1905 page 167

As a composition exercise the First Class children wrote an account of old Christmas customs & games at Stanbury, to Mr Keighley Snowdon (London). In acknowledging receipt he says:- "between you you have given me just what I wanted and I hope I shall be able to give an interesting picture of a Yorkshire Xmas for the Pall Mal Magazine."

1906

8th January, 1906 page 168

Re-opened School after the holidays. There are several cases of whooping cough in the village-among very young children, mainly.

25th January, 1906 page 168

Election day. School used as a polling booth.

26th February, 1906 page 169

I took the children in two batches across to my kitchen (which I could darken more readily than any of the rooms at school) this afternoon and showed them about 120 lantern pictures of the Bronte country. They illustrated a lecture I gave recently to the members of the Bradford scientific association in the mechanics Institute, Bradford.

5th April, 1906 page 171

In future the official name and number of this school will be "the Oakworth, Stanbury Council School No. 583"

13th April, 1906 page 171

Easter holiday-one week.

Miss Edith Simpson who has been with us 12 years will be married tomorrow, and leaves on the 31st of this month.

24th April, 1906 page 171

Keighley Snowdon writes "See Joseph Hatton's cigarette papers this week. Also his column York's W. Post". Both refer to Nature Study as carried on at this school

27th April, 1906 page 172

Miss Simpson, who was married on the 14th and who leaves us on Monday after close upon 12 years as a teacher here, was this afternoon presented with an Electro plated Cruet, serviette rings, sugar sifter and other articles.

19th May, 1906 page 174

The Keighley teachers' association & Heckmondwyke naturalists as well as the York Antiquarian Society (the Rosierucians) visited Stanbury & District. After tea a lecture on the glacial geology of Stanbury & District was given by Mr E. E. Gregory of Bingley. A well-known authority on this subject.

1st June, 1906 page 175

This morning I had a letter from the W. R. C. C. Containing a notification that my salary from the 1st June would be increased £10-0-0 per annum-viz. £120 per annum.

11th July, 1906 page 177

In consequence of an epidemic of mumps & measles the school has been closed by the Medical Officer of Health, Dr Atkinson, until the 20th instant when the mid-summer holidays commence.

1st September, 1906 page 177

Today I have received a circular notifying the appointment of Mr Alwyn Pickles, 42 Mytholmes Lane, Haworth as pupil teacher. As we are well-staffed already I think there must be some mistake about this appointment. Born Feb 1/89

17th September 1906 page 179

Lizzie Snowdon leaves today for the Keighley Girls Grammar School. She won a county minor scholarship at the recent examination.

9th November, 1906 page 184

During the week miss Ratcliffe has been assisting at the school the Haworth infants School being closed on account of an epidemic of mumps.

6th December, 1906 page 187

The newspapers contain an account of the death of the Rev. A. B. Nicholls, husband of Charlotte Bronte.

1907

11th January 1907 page 191

Boy_____had a nasty fall in the playground during play this morning. I'm afraid his arm is badly broken. He now lies at my house waiting for the doctor. The Rough playground is responsible for this, as it has been for scores of other accidents of a more or less serious nature during the past few months.

20th February, 1907 page 194

There is a very heavy snowstorm this morning and consequently the attendance is only 53 out of a possible 90

17th April, 1907 page 200

Rev. T. W. Story called and chatted with the children about the old Church registers at Haworth. Parts of them in 1649 and 1650 had been reproduced in the parish Church magazine and he was comparing the names with those in the village now.

3rd June, 1907 page 204

There has been heavy rain during the week-end the rain-gauge measuring 1.07 inches. This morning it was very wild and wet with the result that only 69 children were present.

30th August, 1907 page 206

Mrs Edwin Pawson, widow of the late Edwin Pawson (?) of Oxenhope visited the school this afternoon & told the children about her recollections of Charlotte Bronte - how she sat in her class at Sunday School & was taught by her, praised by her, and scolded by her, when she had been naughty. She also told us how she had often been sent up more than half a century ago to take Sunday School duties at the Stanbury Church school by Charlotte's husband the Rev. A. B. Nicholls.

24th September 1907 page 207

Two gentlemen from Bradford - Mr A. D. Walker, of the Bradford Post Office called in along with a friend. They were on the way to Wycoller & Boulseworth & wanted to consult our local maps & hear news from the children. Mr Walker some time ago wrote an article about "Timmy" the Hand-Loom Weaver, which appeared along with one of my snap-shots of "Timmy & Mary" in the Bradford Observer Budget about Christmas 1906.

4th October 1907 page 209

Mr D. Greenwood, from Bulawayo, South Africa called along with Mr J. D. Thornton, who was also in South Africa during the war, & chatted about their experiences. They brought with them many South African curious such as a "Sjambok" & photos of South African scenery.

4th December, 1907 page 210

Mr Cornish reports on a visit paid to the school on the 11th October; "the strong points of the school remain unchanged. The work in arithmetic and written composition in the highest class is, however disappointing and it seems to point to the need for more thorough testing & supervision, and in the latter case for more varied methods. The written work, too, of some of the older boys, his poor, and the older children do not seem much interested in history.

The infants are pleasantly taught, but the elementary work is not desirable for children under five. Numbers is well advanced, but reading it is backward, possibly owing to the unsuitable character of the book used. Plates are undesirable.

6th December, 1907 page 212

Mr W Stanton, London, sent a portion of the candelabra used formerly in the houses of Parliament before the introduction of electricity. He has turned it into a brass door-knocker.

  1908

14th January, 1908 page 212

Our friend W Stanton, London, sends us a fine collection of Jersey algae, and a number of interesting manuscripts almost 100 years - orders for drapery etc from Apsley House (Duke of Wellington's).

31st January, 1908 page 212

Mrs Illingworth, Moor Lodge, who is so much interested in educational matters, as also was her late husband Mr Alfred Illingworth, Ex M.P for Bradford and colleague of the Right Honourable W. E. Forster, writes to say and she will assist us all she can in the examination of present & past vegetation on the moors.

2nd April, 1908 page 215

Mr Townend formerly member of the School Board, was buried this afternoon at Haworth Church.

4th April, 1908 page 215

About a score members of the Shipley St Paul's younger men's association visited the Bronte country & had half an hour in school. Some of them were electrical engineers & enlightened us on the subject of electric cables-of which we had two specimens, the original seven Strand cable of 1858, and the shore cable of the present one which terminates at Heart's Content, Trinity Bay, Newfoundland.

14th May 1908 page 219

The garden portion of the front playground is now ready for shrubs, and other plants, and the concrete is quite finished.

19th May 1908 page 219

A wagon load of shrubs and trees arrived this morning & have been planted during the day.

25th June, 1908 page 222

Mr W.G Merrall & other three gentlemen called at school this afternoon. After looking through the school, and the garden they threw coppers for the children, and afterwards gave them prizes for racing. Several shillings were thus distributed amongst them.

3rd July 1908 page 223

The Mayor of Keighley (Mr Robert Clough) and other members of the water committee came up to view the site of the proposed Bully Trees Reservoir, South West of the school. Councillor Walsh & one or two others came into school & had a look round the garden.

22nd July, 1908 page 225

Mr & Mrs Percy Redman, of Craven Royd, Haworth, called on the way to the Bronte waterfall. Half a dozen people from London were with them.

24th July, 1908 page 226

The boy Andrew Shepherd who fell down the quarry (30 feet deep) on Tuesday the 21st is doing well at the Keighley hospital.

14th October, 1908 page 227

This morning Mr Thos. Carter a retired professor of music, who recently came to reside at Denefield cottage brought us some very interesting things-shells & rocks from Guernsey, Anglesey, the North of Ireland etc. And letters in the handwriting of the Rt Hon W. E Gladstone, formerly Prime Minister, and Mr Herbert Gladstone, his son.

1909

12th May 1909 page 231

Mr Fred Jowett brought about 100 plants for the school garden. The children after a short lesson on the preparation of soils helped, or planted them out at his suggestion, staying for that purpose until 6:00pm and coming afterwards to water them all.

12th June, 1909 page 232

Some time ago when in London I met Sir Benjamin Stone who was taking a photo of General Booth, Mr Lloyd George, Chancellor of the Exchequer, & the Hon Wm Kidston, Prime Minister of Queensland. In the course of a conversation Sir Benjamin promised me a photo of this interesting group. In due course it arrived & the children wrote to thank him and tell him their bits of news in reply to which he wrote:-

House of Commons

12th June, 1910 (?)

Dear Mr Bradley,-your pleasant letter of the 26th April with the amusing enclosures afforded me an interesting occupation in perusing on a long railway journey through Germany.

My time was so much occupied on my travels that I had no opportunity then to reply. I am conscious, however, you should know I was much pleased with the receipt of the children's letter, and I would ask you to convey to them by greetings and thanks. Unfortunately my life is such a busy one, or it would have given me pleasure to have replied to many of them.

I need scarcely say I am grateful to you for thinking of such an agreeable way of acknowledgement of the photograph I had the pleasure of sending you. With best regards, I am, yours truly. J Benjamin Stone.

20th September 1909 page 235

This morning I received the following letter from Halliwell Sutcliffe: -

..................My admiration, I mean, of the way you have stuck to your guns in spite of official indifference, and hostility to Nature Study.

6th September 1909 page 240

Mr Albert Kinsley who is staying in Haworth for the purpose of painting pictures of the Bronte country spent about an hour with us & showed some of his sketches. As soon as it ceased raining he was out again painting a picture of Singer Lane with its ruts, and newly washed sands, & grey walls-the purple moors about Ponden Kirk in the distance.

12th November, 1909 page 241

Report of Mr Cornish's visit 16th September:

"The children are in good order. The teaching of the lower division have had a difficult task in teaching the Sts in an overcrowded room, and does not seem to get much help from the Head Master."

1910

21st January, 1910 page 242

School closed for Election Day.  

30th April, 1910 page 244

About 20 members of the Sowerby Bridge Lit. & Sci. Soc. Visited the Bronte country and afterwards had a meeting in the school. They were much interested in the school Museum, & the traditions & folk-law of the neighbourhood.

11th June 1910 page 245

Joseph Craven, historian of Stanbury, with a large number of visitors from Keighley & Earby (the Naturalist's Soc.) spent the afternoon at Stanbury.

20th June, 1910 page 246

Mr Albert Kinsley R. I. Watercolour artist, has come to paint pictures of Haworth and the Bronte country. He has arranged for an exhibition of Bronte country pictures next November in Bond Street London. As he is staying with me at Horton Croft, we shall have many opportunities of seeing him & his work. The pictures of Grove Hill Dike, Haworth moor which he visited last year & sent me as a new year greeting, has been greatly admired by connoisseur’s.

8th July, 1910 page 247

This morning I received a copy of the "Federal Magazine" one of the journals published by the League of Empire accompanied by a letter from Lady Lyell asking me if we would correspond with the children attending a school in Western Australia. She says that Wilfred Mark Web F. L. S mentioned the Stanbury School to her.

26th August, 1910 page 249

Ten fresh children were admitted on Monday all decent, well-behaved and fairly intelligent except a family of ______from Liverpool. They profess that the came from a "special" School & did not know what standards they were in. The first day they refused to answer questions or do the simplest mental calculations. They would not even pick up their books or pens. They were both whipped on Wednesday & after a clear understanding as to who is the master they have done better-but even now they come late every day. There is going to be trouble.

15th September, 1910 page 250

Boys______ &_____came to school 20 minutes late this afternoon I whipped -one stroke each on the hand with a cane.

The proposed new water works in the Sladen Valley, where boring operations & trial holes through the strata are being made, have attracted this floating-and the charity organisations society. Liverpool slum dwellers come to Lumbfoot from Liverpool.

22nd September 1910 page 251

Report of Mr whaley's visit 13th June, 1910

"The children attending the school are treated in a sympathetic manner and apparently enjoy their school life, while commendable efforts are made by the head teacher to stimulate their interests in various directions. Different branches of Nature Study receive a good deal of attention and a good deal of real interest in the subjects appears to be aroused in a number of the children but much of the other work in the school is in a less satisfactory condition, and calls for the very serious attention of the head teacher.

9th November, 1910 page 253

Mr J. W. Hudson, chairman of the education sub committee, spent the morning at school. He told me that arrangements had been made for me to pay visits of observation to other schools during some week to be arranged subsequently.

14th November, 1910 page 254

Mr Butler Wood, chief librarian, Bradford, called with a friend (Mr Craven) who takes a great interest in the Yorks Dialect Society. During their stay the children told them about places of interest in the neighbourhood-including Wycoller ("Ferndean Manor" of "Jane Eyre") where they proposed going from Stanbury-visiting on the way Ponden Hall, the "Thrushcross Grange" of "Wuthering Heights".

Mr Wood is anxious that I should write an article for the Bronte Society. Transactions on the "Natural history, folk lore and literary associations of Wycoller" introducing notes about the lime-burning industry carried on these centuries ago. I had told him of Ralph Thornenby's visit in September 1702 and of the references to this industry in "Wuthering Heights" and had also read him a note from Mr T. W. Hanson recording the fact that in 1705 "Two loads of Lancashire lime 618 (?)" were fetched over the moors from Wycoller to Shibden Hall, near Halifax, the residence of Mr John Lister, Antiquarian.

30th November, 1910 page 256

Two noted people died this morning. I heard, on my return from Skipton, where I had given a lecture last night at the Church Institute. Canon Cooke in the chair-W.s Ratcliffe, sister of Martha Brown servant of the Bronte's, & Timmy Feather, the hand-loom Weaver-aged respectively 76 yrs and 85 yrs.

5th December, 1910 page 257

It was finally fixed up with the authorities that I should pay visits of observation to schools as follows:-

Monday 12th December Bingley, Mornington Road

Tuesday 13th December Birkenshaw

Wednesday 14th December Giggleswick

Thursday 15th December Baildon, Tong Park

Friday 16th December Hipperholme National

 


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